Pharmaceutics Notes

Important Principle, Construction, and Working of Hammer Mill and Ball Mill (2023)

Principle, Construction, and Working of Hammer Mill and Ball Mill Hammer Mill A hammer mill is a machine that is commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry to reduce the particle size of active ingredients and excipients. Diagram of Hammer Mill Principle of Hammer Mill The hammer mill operates on the principle of impact grinding, where …

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Importance of Prescription: Definition, Important Parts, Handling, Labelling, Dispensing Process, and Errors (2023)

Definition A prescription is a written order for a patient to receive a medication or treatment. It is typically written by a physician or other authorized healthcare provider and given to the patient, who then takes it to a pharmacy to have it filled. Parts of a prescription A typical prescription includes the following information: …

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Drug Stability Testing- Objectives, Advantages, and Factors Affecting Drug Stability

Introduction to Drug Stability Stability studies ensure the maintenance of drug/product quality, safety, and efficacy throughout the shelf life. Stability studies are considered a prerequisite for the acceptance and approval of any pharmaceutical product. Stability testing is a routine procedure performed on drug substances and products. Stability studies are employed at various stages of product …

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17 Important Pharmaceutical Excipients of Tablets

Pharmaceutical Excipients of Tablets Definition of Pharmaceutical Excipients “Any substance other than the active drug or prodrug that is included in the manufacturing process or is contained in a finished pharmaceutical dosage form.”Excipients are not inactive and have an impact on the manufacture, safety, and efficacy of the drug substance in the dosage form. Purposes …

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Importance of Rabbit and LAL Pyrogen Test in Parenterals 2023

Importance of Rabbit and LAL Test Pyrogen Test in Parenterals What are Pyrogens? Pyrogens are fever-inducing substances usually derived from microorganisms, and when present systemically in sufficient quantity, may lead to severe signs of inflammation, shock, multiorgan failure, and sometimes even death in humans. Types of Pyrogen Tests? The rabbit pyrogen test (RPT) and the …

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Pharmaceutical Extraction- Types of Extraction, Methods, and Important Applications

Pharmaceutical Extraction- Types of Extraction, Extraction Methods, and Important Extraction Applications Introduction A suitable concentration of the active ingredients contained in the plants and that their action can be achieved more effectively. For this, it is necessary to perform several procedures through which we can extract the active ingredients with adequate solvents, selected according to …

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Triple Roller Mill – Principle, Construction, Diagram, Working, Applications

Triple Roller Mill – Principle, Construction, Diagram, Working, Applications Triple Roller Mill is one of the equipment used for mixing purposes in various industries. It is also known as three roll mill. Principle of Triple Roller Mill A three roll mill or triple roller mill is a machine that uses shear force created by three …

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Double Cone Blender- Principle, Construction, Diagram, Working, Applications

Double Cone Blender-Principle, Construction, Diagram, Working, Applications Mixing is one of the most common pharmaceutical operations. It is difficult to find a pharmaceutical product in which mixing is not done at one stage or the other during its manufacturing. Double Cone Blender is one of the commonly used equipment for mixing ingredients. Principle of Double …

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Freeze Dryer’s Principle Construction Working

Principle, Construction, Working of Freeze Dryer Read Principle, Construction, Working of Freeze Dryer, Advantages Disadvantages of Freeze Dryer, Steps involved in Freeze Dryer Freeze drying is also called lyophilization, is a process in which water is frozen, followed by its removal from the sample, initially by sublimation followed by desorption. The equipment used to dry …

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Principle, Construction, Working of Fluidized Bed Dryer

Principle, Construction, Working of Fluidized Bed Dryer A fluidized bed dryer (FBD) is well known and widely used equipment in pharmaceutical manufacturing. It is used in the granulation process to attain desired moisture levels in the granules or powders required for the perfect compression of tablet formulations. Conventional FBDs include batch fluidized bed dryer, semi-continuous …

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Size Reduction Notes PDF

Size Reduction Notes PDF D. Pharmacy (ER 2020) Pharmaceutical powders are classified as monodispersed (particles of the same size) as well as polydispersed (particles of different sizes). Particles of monodispersed type are ideal for pharmaceutical applications whereas polydispersed powders create considerable difficulties in their processing for the production of dosage forms. In order to obtain …

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Pharmaceutical Aids Notes

Pharmaceutical Aids Notes pdf D Pharmacy Notes Pharmaceutical aids Pharmaceutical aids can be defined as inert substances which have no or little pharmacological effect but are essential to be used in the preparation of pharmaceutical dosage forms. These substances may be required to perform certain functions during successful manufacturing, storage and transportation, and use of …

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Pharmaceutical Packaging Materials Notes

Download Pharmaceutical Packaging Materials Notes pdf D.Pharmacy ER 2020 In this Pharmaceutical Packaging Materials Notes following topics are covered: Types of packaging materials Types of Package: Primary package, secondary package, tertiary package Components of packaging materials Advantages of packaging materials Selection criteria of packaging materials Details of packaging materials: Glass, Plastic, Metals, and Rubber Pharmaceutical …

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