9 Important Copper T Side Effects
The Copper T (Copper IUD) is a small, T-shaped piece of copper and soft plastic that is inserted into the uterus. The Copper T (Copper IUD) contains copper but no hormones.
How it works?
IUDs stop sperm from fusing with eggs. One of the most reliable methods of birth control, the IUD is more than 99% effective.
One or two gentle threads are fastened to the end, and it fits inside the womb. These threads hang through the cervix into the top of the vagina. This enables us to quickly remove it if necessary. Since the threads tuck out of the way, they shouldn’t get in the way during sexual activity.
If you have an IUD implanted, you are still able to use tampons or a menstrual cup. Please take note that the Copper T (Copper IUD) does not provide any protection against STDs.
How does it work?
The Copper T (Copper IUD) starts working right away after being implanted. Sperm cannot survive in the cervix or womb thanks to the copper in IUDs. This means that the sperm cannot go to an egg in the fallopian tubes to fertilise it.
Seldom does sperm survive copper exposure and make it to the egg. If this occurs, the IUD’s presence in the womb may also be effective in preventing the implanting of a fertilised egg.
If there is no chance that you might be pregnant, the Copper T (Copper IUD) can be implanted at any point in your menstrual cycle.
Additionally, it can be fitted right away following a loss or abortion that occurred before 24 weeks of pregnancy.
It is occasionally feasible to get an IUD fitted right away after giving birth. If you are expecting a child and would like to discuss this, please contact your obstetrician or midwife as soon as possible.
Also Read: Significance of PCV in blood test
Advantages of Copper T
- Reversible birth control that is extremely effective.
- Works immediately after insertion and can be used while breastfeeding.
- There is nothing to do right before sex to make it work.
- The ability to become pregnant should return quickly after removal.
- Can be used for emergency contraception and has been approved for ten years.
Disadvantages of Copper T
- Possible side effects that may subside after 3 to 6 months
- Heavier, longer menstrual periods or more severe menstrual cramps
- Backache or cramping
- Period irregularities or spotting between periods
Copper T Side Effects
- Cramps: Expect cramps similar to a period for the first few days after your doctor inserts the IUD. Mild cramping is to be expected. Call your doctor if the pain becomes unbearable.
- Fainting: Some women experience dizziness immediately after their doctor inserts the IUD. A few will pass out. To avoid passing out, lie down until you feel better, then slowly get up.
- Irregular or heavy periods: After you get the device, your periods will change. Hormonal IUDs frequently cause periods to be lighter and shorter. Menstruation is sometimes completely stopped. For the first few months, the copper may cause your periods to be heavier. Some women experience spotting or bleeding between periods. After getting an IUD, your cycle may return to normal within 6 months.
- Ovarian cysts: In the first year after getting an IUD, about one out of every ten women will develop these fluid-filled sacs in their ovaries. Cysts usually disappear on their own after three months. The majority of ovarian cysts are asymptomatic and do not cause any symptoms. Some, however, will cause bloating, swelling, or pain in the lower abdomen. When a cyst ruptures, the pain can be severe. Consult your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.
- Pregnancy: You have a 1% chance of becoming pregnant while wearing an IUD. However, if it does occur, it could be hazardous. It increases the possibility of, Miscarriage, Infection, Premature labour and delivery. If you want to keep the pregnancy, the IUD must be removed. There are also risks to removing the IUD while pregnant. Inquire with your doctor about your options.
- Ectopic Pregnancy: This is the process by which a fertilized egg implants outside of your uterus. The pregnancy will not survive, and it may be harmful to your health. Getting pregnant while wearing an IUD increases your chances of having an ectopic pregnancy. Every year, only one in every 1,000 women has an IUD. It may be more likely if you have had an ectopic pregnancy, pelvic infection, or fallopian tube surgery in the past. Notify your doctor right away if you experience stomach pain or vaginal bleeding. These are symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy.
- Infection: An IUD increases your chances of developing pelvic inflammatory disease, which is an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries (PID). Bacteria that cause PID can enter your body through the IUD. PID can result in sterility. The majority of PID associated with IUD use occurs within three weeks of insertion.
- Perforation: During insertion, the IUD is very rarely pushed into and through the uterine wall. This is known as perforation. It has the potential to harm your internal organs. In some cases, surgery is required to remove the IUD.
- Expulsion: The IUD may occasionally partially or completely slip out of the uterus. This is known as expulsion. If this occurs, you may become pregnant. If you believe your IUD has fallen out, do not attempt to replace it yourself. Consult your doctor to see if it should be replaced or if another form of birth control would be more effective for you.
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